Terms and definitions of night lighting (3)

Lighting planning night lighting planning planning of nightscape lighting
Based on the construction and development plan of the city or region, based on the careful investigation and analysis of the historical and cultural conditions of the landscape elements of the natural and human landscape of the city or region and the artistic characteristics of the landscape, according to the law of night illumination, Planning for the construction of nightscape lighting in the city or region. Night lighting planning has two levels: overall planning and detailed planning.
Gneral planning of nightscape lighting
On the basis of the overall planning for the construction and development of the city or region, a comprehensive overall plan for the positioning, objectives, characteristics, levels, construction steps and policy measures of the night lighting construction of the city or region is macroscopically. (Note: In recent years, the concept planning of nightscape has gradually been accepted and adopted. For example, Singapore's 1968 construction plan replaced the master plan with conceptual planning. Recently, the Hong Kong SAR and Guangzhou regions or cities have also conducted Conceptual planning and achieved good results.)
Detailed planning of nightscape lighting
It is a night scenic spot, scenic spot or project (including urban landmarks, squares and roads, commercial streetscapes, places of interest and landscapes, and gardens) built on the basis of the overall planning of the night lighting of the city or region. The specific planning made by the river surface and the regional landscape.

Lighting methods and methods floodlighting floodlighting
A spotlight is usually used to illuminate a scene or target, and its illumination is significantly higher than the illumination around it.
Contour lighting
Use lighting to directly outline the lighting of a building or structure.
Light-emitting lighting interior form interior lights
The illumination method formed by the outward transmission of indoor light.
Architectural space modeling lighting
The light source or luminaire is integrated with the building structure of the wall, column, raft, window, corner or roof section of the building facade.
Multiple space modeling lighting
Starting from the spatial environment of the scenic spot or the scenery, the multi-dimensional (or multiple) lighting methods or methods are used to give the best lighting direction to the scenic spots and scenery, moderate brightness and darkness, clear outlines and shadows, and fully display the three-dimensional Lighting of features and cultural and artistic connotations.
Silhouette lighting method
This method, also known as background lighting, uses light to separate the subject from its background, keeping the scene dark and creating a clear-cut image of the image on the background.
Casing lighting
For a group of outdoor scenes, use a variety of lights to illuminate only the most exciting and interesting parts and intentionally keep the rest of the dark lighting.
"moonlight" lighting method "moon" lighting
This method is also called moonlight effect lighting method. The moonlight is installed in tall branches or buildings, or in the air, like the moonlight effect of the dragonfly, and the branches and other scenery of the trees form the illumination of light and shadow on the ground.
Lighting used functional light
Use indoor and outdoor functional lighting (including indoor lighting, advertising signs, window lights, site work lights, street lights, etc.) to decorate the outdoor night lighting.
Special lighting method
Use special lighting equipment and techniques such as fiber optics, light pipes, sulfur lamps, lasers, light-emitting diodes, space ball, projection lamps and flame light to create a night scene lighting method.

Lighting technology, optical fiber technology
Lighting technology that enables light transmission in the night lighting project.
Light guide or light pipe technology
Illumination technology using light pipe transmission in night lighting projects.
Sulfur lamp application technology used sulphur(sulfur) lamp
The technology of using sulfur lamps in the night lighting project and the light guide tube.
Laser technology
In major festivals, night scenes of water-screen movies or landmarks, lasers should be used to render the atmosphere, form animated or landscape lighting techniques that identify the city's location.
Light emitting diode (LED) lighting technology light emitting diode technology
Light-emitting diodes are used in night lighting projects to decorate or identify lighting.
Electroluminescence (EL) electro luminescence technology
EL is an abbreviation and abbreviation for electro luminescence. In the night scene project, an electroluminescent strip (also called an electroluminescence strip) is used as a decorative illumination technology.

Xiao Huigan, Zhang Shaogang, Institute of Physics, China Academy of Building Research, from "Consumer Daily China Lighting Special"