Incandescent lamp enters elimination phase: encountered double obstacles of rare earth and LED

Recently, the National Development and Reform Commission issued the "China's Phase-out Exposure Plan for Incandescent Lamps" (Consultation Draft). According to the "opinion", by 2016, China will gradually ban the import and sale of incandescent lamps in five steps.

The target products for this phase-out were incandescent lamps for general lighting, and did not include reflective incandescent lamps, spotlights, decorative lamps and other types of incandescent lamps and incandescent lamps for special purposes. However, there is a wide gap between the price of energy-saving lamps and LED lighting and incandescent lamps. Many people in the industry questioned the feasibility of this policy.

“Whether this policy is feasible depends on the LED technology and its cost-effectiveness. Second, it depends on the country’s enforcement strength is not enough, can not be resolutely enforced,” Huang Shuhua, deputy general manager of Dong Lin Electronics, told Senior LED reporter.

Is it feasible for China to phase out incandescent lamps before 2016?

At present, more incandescent lamps are used in third-tier cities and below. Taking a 450-lumen LED lamp as an example, the light efficiency of mature products is equivalent to 40W incandescent lamp and 11-15W energy-saving lamp, but the price of LED lamp is 80-90 Yuan, and 40W incandescent lamp is 1 Yuan. Energy-saving lamps are about 10 yuan.

Therefore, the great difference in market prices has spawned the choice of purchasing power.

"The price difference between incandescent and LED lighting is very large. An ordinary incandescent lighter who is accustomed to 1 yuan is unwilling to come up with 70-80 yuan to buy more energy-saving and more environmentally-friendly LED lighting." NVC Lighting Director Chen Yifei told reporters. For LED lighting to implement general promotion, first of all to make the LED product technology costs drastically drop, the price down.

More than a decade ago, energy-saving lamps cost as much as seventy to eighty yuan to one hundred yuan, so the lowest price is only a few dollars, and retail sales are generally more than ten dollars. "Only the vigorous promotion of many forces such as the government and enterprises will enable LED to be fully promoted," said Chen Yifei.

In this regard, Huang Shuhua also expressed a similar point of view, he believes that if the 450 lumen LED lights can be sold for about 30 yuan, it can be accepted for the second and third tier cities and their rural markets.

However, there is still some difficulty in the LED light source price reduction to acceptable levels for consumers in 2016, which requires the government's strong and correct guidance. "The elimination of incandescent lamps and the use of LED lighting alone cannot solve the problem through market adjustments. Just like the 'home appliances going to the countryside', can we give some supportive policies or affordable guidance to the people? It is the most realistic," said Huang Shuhua.

Now that rare earth prices have risen rapidly, the price of energy-saving lamps has skyrocketed, which in turn has caused the incandescent lamp business to be very hot. This is a dangerous signal.

China is the world's largest lighting market, but LED technology links are weak. Chen Yifei believes that in China's relatively slow phase-out of incandescent lamps, the LED lighting industry needs the government's strong support to form a uniform and standard LED standard, increase the company's independent research and development investment, and make the LED market healthy and orderly development.

In fact, as early as a few years ago, the world began to launch plans to phase out incandescent lamps.

Chen Yifei stated that China is a major manufacturing and manufacturing country for lighting appliances. Not only does it have a strong manufacturing capability, but it also has the ability to attract technology and control technology. The phase of development varies from country to country. Although China has gradually phased out incandescent light bulbs, it is slightly slower than foreign ones, but lighting technology The development process with the market is far faster than abroad.

Incandescent lamps consume a lot of energy, and all countries and regions in the world have a carbon emission reduction requirement. "The elimination of incandescent bulbs is a strategy that is a bargaining chip between countries and countries for energy-saving and emission reduction negotiations. This strategy is flexible and may be quick or slow." Huang Shuhua told Senior Engineering LED reporter.

The elimination policy at home and abroad is not only reflected in the time, but also the ideological gap. Huang Shuhua further stated that “Western efforts should be large, first reflected in the overall quality and ideological concepts. Western countries have a high awareness of energy conservation and emission reduction. The country has introduced emission reduction policies and has a high degree of response. Therefore, the prohibition of incandescent light policies is relatively easy to implement and promote.”

In the second and third tier cities and beyond, the awareness of energy conservation and environmental protection is generally not strong, and everyone pays more attention to immediate interests. "Don't buy energy-saving LED lamps that cost 80 to 90 yuan. Buying 1 yuan incandescent bulbs is because the prices are different."

China phase out incandescent lamp plan implementation table

Huang Shuhua believes that the elimination of incandescent lamps, promotion of energy-saving lamps, we must first cultivate energy-saving ideas, starting from the people's understanding of morphology, market education.

In addition to market education and promotion of energy conservation that require multiple aspects, companies should also promote energy conservation in terminal channels, such as supermarkets and specialty stores, reflecting social responsibility.

To phase out incandescent lamps and use LED lighting, the focus of publicity should be on rural areas. “Because of the widespread use of energy-saving lamps in commercial lighting in tier-1 and tier-2 cities, the acceptance of LED lighting concepts is faster, and the use of LED lighting is relatively more. In rural areas, because the indoor lighting market is very broad and accepts low levels of new things, it needs the government and Enterprises' double guidance and encouragement.